by Thomas Brooks, London, 1675
Dear sister in the Lord,
1. First, Look upon death as that which is BEST for a believer.Phil. 1:23, "I am torn between the two: I desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far." The Greek is very significant, "far, far the better," or far much better, or much more better. It is a most transcendent expression. Eccles. 7:1, "Better is the day of death than the day of one's birth." A saint's dying day is the daybreak of eternal glory! In respect of pleasure, peace, safety, company and glory—a believer's dying day is his best day. It was an excellent saying of one of the ancients, "That is not a death—but life, which joins the dying man to Christ; and that is not a life—but death, which separates a living man from Christ." But,
2. Secondly, Look upon death as a remedy, as a CURE.Death will perfectly cure you of all bodily and spiritual diseases at once: the infirm body and the defiled soul, the aching head and the unbelieving heart. Death will cure you of all your ailments, aches, diseases, and distempers.
At Stratford-Bow, in Queen Mary's days, there was a lame Christian, and a blind Christian, burned at one stake. The lame man, after he was chained, casting away his crutch, bade the blind man be of good cheer; "For death," says he, "will cure us both; you of your blindness, and me of my lameness!"
And as death will cure all your bodily diseases,
so it will cure all your soul distempers also. Death is not the death
of the man—but the death of his sin. Death will work such a cure—as all your
duties, graces, experiences, ordinances, assurances, could never do; for it
will at once free you fully, perfectly, and perpetually from all sin; yes,
from all possibility of ever sinning more. Sin was the midwife which brought
death into the world, and death shall be the grave to bury sin. And why,
then, should a Christian be afraid to die, unwilling to die, seeing death
gives him an eternal separation from infirmities and weaknesses, from all
aches and pains, griefs and gripings, distempers and diseases, both of body
and soul? When Samson died, the Philistines died together with him; just so,
when a saint dies, his sins die with him. Death came in by sin, and sin goes
out by death; as the worm kills the worm which bred it, so death kills sin
which bred it. But,
3. Thirdly, Look upon death as a REST, a full rest.A believer's dying day is his resting day. It is a resting day from sin, sorrow, afflictions, temptations, desertions, dissensions, vexations, oppositions, and persecutions. [Rev. 14:13; Job 3:13-17; 2 Thes. 1:7; Micah 2:10; Jer. 50:6.] This world was never made to be the saints' rest. Arise and depart, for this is not your resting place—it is polluted. They are like Noah's dove, they can rest nowhere but in the ark and in the grave. "In the grave," says Job, "the weary are at rest." Upon this very ground some of the most refined heathens have accounted mortality to be a mercy, for they brought their friends into the world with mournful obsequies—but carried them out of the world with all joyful sports and pastimes, because then they conceived they were at rest, and out of gunshot. Death brings the saints to a full rest, to a pleasant rest, to a matchless rest, to an eternal rest. But,
4. Fourthly, Look upon your dying day as your REAPING day.2 Cor. 9:2; Gal. 6:7-9; Isaiah 38:3; Mat. 25:31, 41. Now you shall reap the fruit of all the prayers that ever you have made, and of all the tears that ever you have shed, and of all the sighs and groans that ever you have fetched, and of all the good words that ever you have spoken, and of all the good works that ever you have done, and of all the great things that ever you have suffered. When mortality shall put on immortality, you shall then reap a plentiful crop, a glorious crop, as the fruit of that good seed that for a time has seemed to be buried and lost, Eccles. 11:1, 6. As Christ has a tender heart and a soft hand, so he has an iron memory. He precisely remembers all the sorrows, and all the services, and all the sufferings of his people, to reward them and crown them. "Behold, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to everyone according to what he has done." Revelation 22:12. But,
5. Fifthly, Look upon your dying day as a GAINFUL day.There is no gain compared to that which comes in by death. Phil. 1:21, "For me to live is Christ, and to die is gain." A Christian gets more by death, than he does by life, Eccles. 7:1. To be in Christ is very good—but to be with Christ is best of all, Phil. 1:23. It was a mighty blessing for Christ to be with Paul on earth—but it was the top of blessings for Paul to be with Christ in heaven. Seriously consider of a few things—
[1.] First, That by death you shall gainincomparable crowns!
(1.) A crown of life, Rev. 10; James 1:12;
(2.) A crown of righteousness, 2 Tim. 4:8;
(3.) An incorruptible crown, 1 Cor. 9:24-25;
(4.) A crown of glory, 1 Pet. 5:4. Now there are no crowns compared to these crowns, as I have fully shown in my discourse on "The Divine Presence," to which I refer you. But,
[2.] Secondly, You shall gaina glorious kingdom! Luke 12:32, "It is your Father's pleasure to give you a kingdom." But death is the young prophet that anoints them to it, and gives them actual possession of it. We must put off their rags of mortality, that we may put on our robes of glory. Israel must first die in Egypt before he can be carried into Canaan. There is no entering into paradise but under the flaming sword of this angel death, who stands at the gate. Death is the dirty lane through which the saint passes to a kingdom, to a great kingdom, to a glorious kingdom, to a quiet kingdom, to an unshaken kingdom, to a durable kingdom, to a lasting kingdom, yes, to an everlasting kingdom. Death is a dark, short way, through which the saints pass to the marriage-supper of the Lamb! Heb. 12:28; Dan. 2:44, and 4:3; Rev. 19:7. But,
[3.] Thirdly, You shall gaina safe and honorable convoy into the heavenly world! Luke 16:22. Oh, in what pomp and triumph did Lazarus ride to heaven on the wings of angels! The angels conduct the saints at death through the air, the devil's region; every gracious soul is carried into Christ's presence by these heavenly courtiers. Oh, what a sudden change does death make! Behold, he who even now was scorned by men, is all on a sudden, carried by angels into Abraham's bosom. But,
[4.] Fourthly, You shall gaina glorious welcome, a joyful welcome, a wonderful welcome into heaven! By general consent of all antiquity, the holy angels and blessed Trinity rejoice at the sinner's conversion; but oh, what inexpressible, what transcendent joy is there, when a saint is landed upon the shore of eternity! Rev. 4:8-11; Luke 15:7, 10; Heb. 12:23. God and Christ, angels and archangels, all stand ready to welcome the believer as soon as his feet are upon the threshold of glory! God the Father welcomes the saints as his elect and chosen ones, Jesus Christ welcomes them as his redeemed and purchased ones, and the Holy Spirit welcomes them as his sanctified and renewed ones, and the blessed angels welcome them as those they have guarded and attended on, Heb. 1:14. When the saints enter upon the suburbs of glory, the glorious angels welcome them with harps in their hands, and songs in their mouths. But,
[5.] Fifthly,You shall gain full freedom and liberty from all your enemies within and without—namely, sin, Satan, and the world! Luke 1:70-71, 74-75.
(1.) Death will free you from the indwelling power of sin.Romans 7:23. In heaven there is no complaints. As in hell there is nothing but wickedness, so in heaven there is nothing but holiness.
(2.) Death will free you from the power and prevalency of sin.In this present world, sin plays the tyrant—but in heaven there is no tyranny—but perfect felicity.
(3.) Death will free you from all provocations, temptations, and suggestions to sin.Now you shall be above all Satan's assaults. Now God will make good the promise of treading Satan under your feet, Romans 16:20. Some say serpents will not live in Ireland. The old serpent is cast out, and shall be forever kept out of the new Jerusalem above, Rev. 12:8-9, and 21:27.
(4.) Death will free you from all the effects and consequences of sin—namely, losses, crosses, sicknesses, diseases, disgraces, sufferings, etc. When the cause is taken away, the effect ceases; when the fountain of sin is dried up, the streams of afflictions, of sufferings, must be dried up. The fuel being taken away, the fire will go out of itself. Sin and sorrow were born together, live together, and shall die together. To open this fourth particular a little more fully to you, consider these four things:
First, Death will free you from all reproach and ignominy on your names. Now Elijah is accounted the troubler of Israel, Nehemiah a rebel against his king, and David the song of the drunkards, and Jeremiah a man of contention, and Paul a pestilent fellow. [1 Kings 18:17; Neh. 6:6; Psalm 69:12; Jer. 15:10; Acts 24:10.] Heaven wipes away all blots, as well as all tears; as no sins, so no blots are to be found in that upper world. The names of all the saints in a state of glory are written, as I may say, in characters of gold. But,
Secondly, Death will free you from all bodily infirmities and diseases. We carry about in our bodies the matter of a thousand deaths, and may die a thousand different ways each hour. As many senses, as many members, nay, as many pores as there are in the body, so many windows there are for death to enter at. Death needs not spend all its arrows upon us; a worm, a gnat, a fly, a hair, the seed of a raisin, the skin of a grape, the fall of a horse, the stumbling of a foot, the prick of a pin, the trimming of a nail, the cutting of a corn; all these have been to others, and any one of them may be to us, the means of our death, within the space of a few days, nay, of a few hours. Here Job had his blotches, and Hezekiah had his boil, and David his wounds, and Lazarus his sores, and the poor widow her issue of blood, Job 2:6-7; Isaiah 37:21; Psalm 38:5; Luke 16:20; Mat. 9:20. Now the fever burns up some, and the dropsy drowns others, and the vapors stifle others; one dies of a stroke in the head, a third of a tumor in the throat, and a fourth of a cough and consumption of the lungs; others of obstructions, inflammations, pleurisies, gouts, etc. We are commonly full of sicknesses; one complains of this distemper, and another of that; one of this disease, and another of that; but death will cure us of all diseases and distempers at once. But,
Thirdly, Death will free you from all your sorrows, whether inward or outward, whether for your own sins or the sins of others, whether for your own sufferings or the sufferings of others, Psalm 38:18; 2 Cor. 7:11; Psalm 119:136; Neb. 1:3-4. Now, it may be, one shall seldom find you but with tears in your eyes, or sorrow in your heart; Oh—but now death will be the funeral of all your sorrows, death will wipe all tears from your eyes, "and sorrow and mourning shall flee away," Isaiah 51:11. But,
Fourthly, Death will free you from all those troubles, calamities, miseries, mischiefs, and desolations, that are a-coming upon the earth, or upon this place or that, Isaiah 57:1; Micah 7:1-7. A year after Methuselah's death, the flood came and carried away the old world. Augustine died a little before the sacking of Hippo. Luther observes that all the apostles died before the destruction of Jerusalem; and Luther himself died a little before the wars broke forth in Germany.
Dear lady, death shall do that for you, which all your physicians could never do for you, which all your relations could never do for you, which all ordinances could never do for you, nor which all your faithful ministers could never do for you. It shall both instantly and perfectly cure you of all sorts of maladies and weaknesses, both inward and outward, of both your body and your soul. O my dear friend, is it not better to die, and be rid of all sin; to die, and be rid of all temptations and desertions; to die, and be rid of all sorts of miseries; than to live, and still carry about with us our sins, our burdens, and such constant ailments, as takes away all the pleasure and comfort of life? Here both our outward and inward conditions are very various; sometimes heaven is open, and sometimes heaven is shut; sometimes we see the face of God, and rejoice, and at other times he hides his face, and we are troubled, Lam. 3:8, 44, 54-57; Psalm 30:7; 1 Thes. 4:17-18; Isaiah 35:10. Oh—but now death will bring us to an invariable eternity. It is always day in heaven, and joy in heaven.
[6.] Sixthly and lastly, You shall gaina clear, distinct, and full knowledge of all great and deep mysteries! 1 Cor. 13:10, 12. The mystery of the Trinity, the mystery of Christ's incarnation, the mystery of man's redemption, the mysteries of providences, the mysteries of prophecies, and all those mysteries which relate to the nature, substances, offices, orders, and excellencies of the angels. If you please to consult my "String of Pearls, or the Best Things Reserved until Last," with my sermon on Eccles. 7:1, "Better is the day of death than the day of one's birth;" which is at the end of my "Treatise on Assurance"—both which treatises you have by you—there you will find many more great and glorious things laid open that we gain by death; and to them I refer you. But,
6. Sixthly, Look upon death as a SLEEP.The Holy Spirit has phrased it so, above twenty times in Scripture, to show that this is the true, proper, and genuine notion of death. [1 Cor. 11:30, and 15:51; John 11:12; Mark 5:39. The Greeks call their churchyards dormitories, sleeping-places; and the Hebrews Beth-chaiim, the house of the living.] When the saints die, they do but sleep: Mat. 9:24, "The girl is not dead but sleeps." The same phrase he also used to his disciples concerning Lazarus, "Our friend Lazarus sleeps," John 11:11. The death of the godly is as a sleep; Stephen fell asleep, Acts 7:60; and "David fell asleep," Acts 13:36; and "Christ is the first fruits of those who sleep," 1 Cor. 15:20; "Those who sleep in Jesus, will God bring with him," 1 Thes. 4:14. The saints of God do but sleep when they lie down in the grave. That which we call death in such, is not death indeed; it is but the image of death, the shadow and metaphor of death, death's younger brother, a mere sleep, and no more. I may not follow the analogy that is between death and sleep in the latitude of it, the printer calling upon me to conclude. Sleep is the nurse of nature, the sweet parenthesis of all a man's griefs and cares. But,
7. Seventhly, Look upon death as a DEPARTURE.2 Tim. 4:6, "For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand." Paul makes nothing of death. It was no more between God and Moses—but go up and die, Deut. 32:49-50; and so between Christ and Paul—but launch out, and land immediately at the fair haven of heaven: Phil. 1:23, "For I am in a strait between two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better." Paul longed for that hour wherein he should loose anchor, and sail to Christ, as the Greek word imports. It is a metaphor from a ship at anchor, importing a sailing from this present life to another port. Paul had a desire to loose from the shore of life, and to launch out into the ocean of immortality. The apostle, in this phrase, has a reference both to his bonds and to his death; and his meaning is, I desire to be discharged and released, as out of a common jail, so also out of the prison of my body, that I may presently be with Christ my Savior in heaven, in rest and bliss. [Or it may be rendered, to return home, or to change rooms. It is a similitude taken from those who depart out of an inn to take their journey towards their own country.] After Paul had been in the third heaven, his constant song was, "I desire to be with Christ." Nature teaches that death is the end of misery. But grace will teach us that death is the beginning of our felicity. But,
8. Eighthly and lastly, Look upon death as a going to bed.The grave is a bed wherein the body is laid to rest, with its curtains close drawn about it, that it may not be disturbed in its repose. So the Holy Spirit is pleased to phrase it, "He shall enter into peace, they shall rest in their beds, everyone walking in their uprightness," Isaiah 57:2. As the souls of the saints pass to a place of rest and bliss, so their bodies are laid down to rest in the grave, as in a bed or bedchamber, there to sleep quietly until the morning of the resurrection. Death is nothing else but a rest to the weary saints; it is a total cessation from all their labor, sin, and affliction, "Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord, that they may rest from their labors," Rev. 14:13, etc. While the souls of the saints do rest in Abraham's bosom, their bodies do sweetly sleep in their beds of dust, as in a safe and consecrated dormitory. Every sincere Christian may, like the weary child, call and cry to be laid to bed, knowing that death would send him to his everlasting rest.
Now you should always look upon death under scripture notions, and this will take off the terror of death. Yes, it will make the king of terrors to be the king of desires. It will make you not only willing to die—but even long to die, and to cry out, "Oh, that I had the wings of a dove, to fly away, and be at rest!" At death you shall have an eternal jubilee, and be freed from all incumbrances. Sin shall be no more, and trouble shall be no more, and pain nor ailments shall be no more. Now you shall have your eternal rest. Now "the wicked shall cease from troubling, and now the weary shall be at rest," Job 3:17. Now "all tears shall be wiped from your eyes," Rev. 7:17. Death shall be the way to bliss, the gate to eternal life, and the portal to paradise.
It was well said of one, "so far as we tremble at death, so far we lack love." It is sad, when the contract is made between Christ and a Christian, to see a Christian afraid of the making up the marriage. "Lord," says Austin, "I will die that I may enjoy you. I desire to die—that I may see Christ; and refuse to live—that I may live with Christ." Mere marriage engagements and espousals, do not content the true lover—but he longs for the marriage day. It is no credit to your heavenly Father, for you to be averse to go home.
The Turks tell us that surely Christians do not believe heaven to be such a glorious place as they talk of; for if they did, they would not be so unwilling to go there. The world may well think that the child has but cold welcome at his father's house, that he lingers so much along the way, and that he does not look and long to be at home. Such children bring an ill report upon their father's house, upon the holy land. But I know you have not so learned Christ, I know you long with Paul, "to depart, and to be with Christ," Phil. 1:23; and with old Simeon, to cry out, "Lord, let your servant depart in peace," Luke 2:29. That God whom you have long sought and served, will make your passage into the eternal world safe, sweet, and easy.
Now to the everlasting arms of divine protection, and to
the constant guidance and leadings of the Spirit, and to the rich influences
of Christ's sovereign grace, and to the lively hopes of the inheritance of
the saints in light, I commend you, who am, dear sister—yours in the