The Psalmist is involved in intensity of misery. The
severest troubles in every form assail him. The downfall of his enemies is
foreshadowed, and the conclusion of the hymn is praise.
1-2. "Save me, O God; for the waters have come in to
my soul. I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing; I have come into
deep waters where the floods overflow me."
The picture is exhibited of a drowning man. He sinks in
overwhelming waters. There is no standing for his feet. There is no rescue
for him from immediate ruin and a watery grave. In this scene of misery we
see the man over whom the waves of affliction pitilessly break.
But the picture mainly represents the blessed Jesus. What
sorrow ever was like His sorrow when He trod earth's path in human guise!
Satan assailed Him with his utmost fury. No rest, no respite was permitted.
This arch foe, also, stirred up ungodly men to wound Him with all the darts
of malice and of rage. Jesus well knew that 'earth' could bring no help. He
looked above, and prayed; "Save me, O God."
3. "I am weary of my crying; my throat is dried; my
eyes fail while I wait for my God."
Incessant supplications tested His powers of utterance.
He ceased not to pour forth cries. He looked above for support. He watched
for replies until His failing eyes were dim.
4-5. "Those who hate me without a cause are more than
the hairs of my head; those who would destroy me, being my enemies
wrongfully, are mighty; then I restored that which I took not away. O God,
You know my foolishness; and my sins are not hidden from You."
Jesus appeals to God that all this enmity, proceeding
from such a host of mighty foes, was utterly without a cause. The
persecution was wrongful malice. He did no wrong. His work was to render
good for evil. He here allows that, though guiltless in Himself, He stood
before God as laden with all the follies and all the sins of His people. He
received the burden transferred by God to Him, and acknowledged His
6-8. "Let not those who wait on You, O Lord God of
hosts, be ashamed for my sake; let not those who seek You be confounded for
my sake, O God of Israel. Because for Your sake I have borne reproach; shame
has covered my face. I have become a stranger to my brethren, and an alien
unto my mother's children."
A new petition is preferred. Its intensity is seen by the
strong expressions in which God is invoked; as the Lord God of hosts,
clothed with universal power; as the God of Israel, loving His people with
everlasting love. The petition is that the righteous who wait on God and
seek His face should never be disheartened or cast down by sight of the
troubles which were so multiplied. He deeply felt that reproaches were
heaped upon Him; but feeling that they arose from His faithfulness to God,
He drew encouragement from them in His approaches to the mercy-seat.
Reproaches for the cause of God are highest honor. God's smile will more
than compensate for all the sneers of man. But it is a grievous trial
when those who are brought up in the same home, and are most closely joined
by ties of blood, stand apart and evidence their alienation. Jesus knew this
trial. His own brethren believed not on Him. The children brought up in His
reputed father's house did not uphold Him.
9-12. "For the zeal of your house has eaten me up; and
the reproaches of those who reproached You have fallen upon me. When I wept,
and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. I made
sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them. Those who sit in
the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards."
Intensity of zeal for true religion often occasions the
derision of the wicked. The disciples remembered this word when they
witnessed Christ's indignation in the polluted Temple. How keenly, also,
were Christ's feelings moved when He heard His Father's name blasphemed. No
pious conduct could check the impious sneer. Every kind of insult met Him.
Even those who sat in the seats of justice refrained not their lips from
slander, and the very drunkards made Him the jest of their insulting songs.
How keen must have been the sufferings of the Lamb of God. Let us do
not forget that they were all endured for us.
13. "But as for me, my prayer is unto You, O Lord, in
an acceptable time; O God, in the multitude of Your mercy hear me, in the
truth of Your salvation."
We draw sweet profit from affliction's cup when prayer is
quickened by it, and trouble has no depths from which the face of God may
not be seen. Therefore prayer is plied in the assurance that acceptance will
not be denied. The time is always acceptable. Answers are always ready when
supplications plead the name of Jesus. "He ever lives to make intercession
for us." God's mercy, also, and His covenant engagements, are prevailing
pleas. Mercy ceases to be mercy, truth fails, if faithful prayer should not
14-15. "Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not
sink; let me be delivered from those who hate me, and out of the deep
waters. Let not the water flood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me
up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me."
Troubles are again compared to deep and overwhelming
water-floods, but God's helping hand is able to extricate from all the mire
and all the depths; and prayer wrestles that this hand would help.
16. "Hear me, O Lord; for Your lovingkindness is good;
turn to me according to the multitude of Your tender mercies."
Love is here seen as the source and origin of all God's
gracious dealings. He loves, therefore He withholds nothing that is good; He
loves, therefore He crowns us with lovingkindness. He has revealed His name
as Love. On that name we may rest all our supplications.
His name, also, is Merciful. He is rich in mercy. His
mercy reaches unto the heavens. His mercy endures forever. His mercies
exceed all number; and as is their number, so is their tenderness. They will
never fail, who pray to be dealt with according to the multitude of God's
17-18. "And hide not Your face from Your servant; for
I am in trouble; hear me speedily. Draw near to my soul, and redeem it;
deliver me, because of my enemies."
When troubles darken around, it is faith's province to
seek the light of God's countenance. If clouds should veil God's smile,
trouble would indeed oppress. Faith knows this well, and is earnest for
speedy help. If answers have long delay, then affliction is affliction
indeed. But faith will follow God with cries, that He would in mercy draw
near. It pleads; 'The enemy is near; come quickly to my help.' Such pleading
will prevail. For sure is the promise, "Draw near to God, and He will draw
near to you."
19. "You have known my reproach, and my shame, and my
dishonor; my adversaries are all before You."
The believer's heart is comforted by the knowledge that
his God is ever by his side. A voice is ever ringing in his ear, "Do not
fear not, for I am with you." God's eye surveys his path. His ear receives
his every breathing. He marks his every circumstance. All the malevolence of
adversaries is clearly known. Therefore help in every hour of need may
surely be expected.
20-21. "Reproach has broken my heart, and I am full of
heaviness; and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for
comforters, but I found none. They gave Me also gall for My food; and in My
thirst they gave Me vinegar to drink."
But still reproaches inflict painful wounds. Jesus drank
this cup. His holy nature would peculiarly feel the painful touch of hellish
malice. In our afflictions, also, the sympathy of friends gives sweet
relief. This was denied to Jesus. In His deepest woe no human arm was
stretched to help Him. The Spirit here takes us distinctly to the Cross. We
see the fulfillment of this cruel mockery when, to the parched lips of
Jesus, they extended a sponge filled with vinegar, and put it to His mouth.
What misery was ever like His misery! But His sufferings were vicarious, and
by His stripes we are healed.
22-24. "Let their table become a snare before them;
and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap. Let
their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually
to shake. Pour out Your indignation upon them, and let Your wrathful anger
take hold of them."
The Spirit proceeds to predict the terrible vengeance
which must fall upon Christ's foes. The believer reads the terrible decree,
and meekly bows his head. He humbly acquiesces in the Lord's predicted
wrath. He knows that God is love, and that in love He will do all things
Let us turn from the appalling picture, blessing from our
hearts our gracious Lord, who saves His people from all the penalties of
sin; and, waiting for His return from heaven, "whom God raised from the
dead, even Jesus, who delivered us from the wrath to come."
25. "Let their habitation be desolate, and let no one
dwell in their tents."
Judas stands as a dreadful monument of the fulfillment of
this verse. In his miserable case we learn how surely the predicted wrath
will come. There may be respite, but respite is not a full pardon. What God
has righteously announced He will most righteously perform. What Truth has
uttered shall be truly done. Let the ungodly take warning. The unrighteous
shall go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into life
eternal. Indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, are the sinner's
26. "For they persecute Him whom You have smitten; and
they talk to the grief of those whom You have wounded."
The main feature of their sin is effort to destroy the
cause of Christ. It pleased the Lord to bruise Him. He was smitten by the
hand of justice for our iniquities; He was wounded for our
transgressions; but the malice and hostility of man added great
burdens to His crushed spirit. The persecution of Jesus extends to the
persecution of all His members. The arresting voice checks Paul in his
infuriate career; "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?"
27-28. "Add iniquity to their iniquity; and let them
not come into Your righteousness. Let them be blotted out of the book of the
living, and not be written with the righteous."
It is their miserable case that they are permitted to go
on from sin to sin, and thus to fill up the measure of their iniquity. The
decree has gone forth, "They are joined to idols; let them alone." No
melting word softens their obdurate hearts; no converting grace turns them
from the downward path. They never reach the happy land, in which all are
clad in the beauties of God's righteousness. Their names cannot be found in
the book of the living or in the catalogue of the righteous.
29-30. "But I am poor and sorrowful; let Your
salvation, O God, set me up on high. I will praise the name of God with a
song, and will magnify Him with thanksgiving."
Jesus confesses that He stands among men despised and
rejected—a very worm, and no man; but He well knew that He would be
delivered from the oppressive burden of vicarious suffering, and raised to
salvation's highest throne. He looked onward from the day, when His lips
uttered humble and mournful prayer, to the day of triumphant gladness, when
thanksgiving will be the endless song.
31-32. "This also shall please the Lord better than an
ox or bullock which has horns and hoofs. The humble shall see this, and be
glad; and your heart shall live that seeks God. For the Lord hears the poor,
and despises not His prisoners."
How condescending is the heart of God! The praises of His
people are His chosen abode. While formal service without sincerity and
warmth finds no acceptance, the voice of thanksgiving fills heaven with
grateful fragrance. The humble followers of the Lamb mark such acceptance,
and profit by such experience. They see how Jesus was upheld; they see how
favor smiles upon His grateful followers; and they rejoice in the joy of
their fathers in the faith. Happy are those who seek God, who make His word
and will their constant study, and who in their every step follow hard after
Him! They shall not be disappointed. Spiritual life shall now uplift them;
eternal life shall soon be their glorious crown. For this earnestly have
they prayed even in the prison-house of this poor flesh. Their prayer has
not been in vain. The Lord has heard them. Their desires have obtained
34-36. "Let the heaven and earth praise Him, the seas,
and every thing that moves therein; for God will save Zion, and will build
the cities of Judah; that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.
The seed also of His servants shall inherit it; and those who love His name
shall dwell therein."
In prospect of God's saving mercies to His people, all
the universe and every creature that has life is exhorted to abound in
praise. But what praise can reach the glories of the prospect? Prosperity
shall be granted to the earthly Zion; but such security was but a dim
outline of the glories of the New Jerusalem. There the chosen seed shall
dwell forever. There those who love His name shall have unending bliss.
Their praises shall be vast as eternity, for every moment will give fresh
cause for praise.