Then the Lord told him, "Go back the way you came, and
travel to the wilderness of Damascus. When you arrive there, anoint Hazael
to be king of Aram. Then anoint Jehu son of Nimshi to be king of Israel, and
anoint Elisha son of Shaphat from Abel-meholah to replace you as my prophet.
Anyone who escapes from Hazael will be killed by Jehu, and those who escape
Jehu will be killed by Elisha!" 1 Kings 19:15-17
Then one of the seraphim flew over to the altar, and he
picked up a burning coal with a pair of tongs. He touched my lips with it
and said, "See, this coal has touched your lips. Now your guilt is removed,
and your sins are forgiven." Isaiah 6:6-7
"Is not my word like as a fire? says the Lord; and like a
hammer that breaks the rock in pieces?" Jeremiah 23:29
"Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do
not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with
you wherever you go." Joshua 1:9
In the previous chapter we considered the comforting
assurance regarding the present, which the Lord God of Elijah
addressed to His servant before leaving the solitudes of Horeb. But there
was a communication of mingled judgment and mercy given him also regarding
the future. And, as an illustration of the minute, tender,
sympathizing interest God takes in the case of all His people, it may be
well, in a single sentence, to mark how He therein meets and answers, one by
one in succession, the complaints of the Prophet.
The first subject of Elijah's grievance was, "The
children of Israel have forsaken your covenant;" the second, "They have
thrown down your altars and slain your people with the sword;" the third,
"I, even I only, am left."
'Go,' says Jehovah, in reply to the first, 'pour
the consecrating oil on the head of Hazael. He is to be the rod of my anger
against apostate Israel. He will teach them, "by terrible things in
righteousness," that it is not with impunity my covenant is forsaken.' And
accordingly it was so. Some years after Elijah had been removed from the
troubled scenes of earth to his glorious reward, the coasts and villages of
the northern kingdom were ravaged and scourged by the Syrian armies under
this victorious captain--the footprints of his desolating host, telling amid
ruin and pillage and blood, that God is not a man that He should lie, nor
the son of man that He should repent.
'Go!' says Jehovah, in reply to the second
complaint, 'anoint Jehu the son of Nimshi--he too is to be the minister of
my vengeance against the royal house of Ahab and his unscrupulous queen.'
And though this announced judgment was not accomplished in the days of
Elijah, in due time the terrible doom was consummated by a work of
extermination unparalleled in Hebrew history. Every relative, including the
remotest kinsfolk of Ahab, was put to the sword, and Jezebel herself
subjected to the most ignominious of deaths. A similar work of destruction
was at the same time carried out regarding the Baal-worship. A vast temple,
reared by Ahab in Samaria for idolatrous service, was crowded with votaries.
At a prearranged signal, eighty trusted soldiers rushed in on the crowd as
they were engaged in offering sacrifice before the great stone statue of the
Syrian idol. The smaller divinities were torn from their niches and
pedestals; and, with indiscriminate slaughter, as described by Josephus, the
doom uttered amid the solitudes of Sinai was fulfilled to the letter.
In answer to these two first complaints, we have Elijah's
God coming forth as a God of judgment--responding in the wind and the
earthquake and the fire. But there is yet a third comforting
assurance to be added, in answer to his concluding complaint. It is the God
of "the still small voice" who speaks now. It is a word of peace. 'Go,' says
Jehovah, 'anoint Elisha to be prophet in your stead. When your voice is
silent, I shall not lack a faithful messenger, and the Church shall not lack
a faithful guide. Go, and say no longer, "I am left alone;" for this elect
Israelite will be a sympathizing friend to you during the remainder of your
years, and shall take your place at your departure. And it shall come to
pass, that him who escapes from the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay; and him
who escapes from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay.'
Thus did the Prophet of Fire prepare to leave his retreat
with three swords gleaming before him--Hazael's sword of war, Jehu's sword
of justice, Elisha's sword of truth--the sword that wounds only to heal. How
this threefold assurance must have calmed his misgivings! He was seasonably
reminded, of what should ever be a source of comfort to ourselves--God's
sovereignty alike in the Church and the world. By Him kings reign and
princes decree justice; He has manifold arrows in His quiver; He can carry
on His work, at one time, by a Hazael or a Jehu--fierce, unrelenting,
unsparing soldiers; at another, by Elisha, a man of love and peace--making
the wrath of man to praise Him, and restraining the remainder of His wrath.
Elijah's memorable visit to Horeb was now over. The
symbolic vision was past. He found himself once more by the mouth of his
cave alone. No, not alone! While standing there--the noise of the whirlwind
in his ear--the glow of the fire yet dazzling his eyes--and, what was more,
the blessed tones of the still small voice echoing through his heart of
hearts--a second time is the question addressed to him, "What are you doing
here, Elijah?" And after an answer similar to that previously made, but
uttered in far different spirit--the Divine command was given--"And the Lord
said unto him, Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus;"
and it is further added, "So he departed thence."
Though, as regards the Prophet's outer life, the
scene on Mount Carmel stands forth in pre-eminent grandeur and
importance--the manifestation on Mount Horeb, and more especially this its
closing hour, was in many respects the most momentous crisis in his inner
life. We may well, therefore, interrupt the thread of the narrative, and
pause for a little on so solemn an incident in the Tishbite's history;
making the direction addressed to him, afford subject-matter for a few
practical thoughts of a more personal kind regarding ourselves. With these,
we shall occupy the remainder of the chapter.
We believe that there are analogous Horeb experiences in
the case of every Christian. Sacred spiritual epochs--memorable
turning-points--associated with some peculiar revelation of God, either in
His Word or providence; these resulting, as in the case of Elijah, if not in
an entire alteration of thought and feeling, at least in a new impulse being
imparted to the heavenly life. Such a solemn hour occurs with some at the
crisis of an alarming illness, or during recovery from severe sickness; when
"the still small voice" breaks the silence of the long night-watches and of
the darkened chamber; and when life, given back from the gates of death, is
devoutly consecrated to the great Restorer. Such a solemn season occurs, in
the case of others, at a time of bereavement; when what we most fondly love
has perished from our sight; and when, as "the still small voice" of
heavenly comfort falls upon the ear--the broken, bleeding tendrils of the
heart, wrenched from creature-props, turn to the great unfailing Support and
Refuge, and fix themselves there forever!
Such a solemn hour occurs, with others, at a sacramental
season; when the God of the "still small voice" has "passed by;" and when,
having partaken of the sacred symbols, and enjoyed near and blessed
experience of the Savior's presence and mercy, we have vowed a deeper love,
and purposes of more devoted and earnest obedience. Reader, are any of these
sacred and peculiar experiences now, or have they been recently, your own?
and have you received, like Elijah, the summons to speed you back from your
period of silence and seclusion, of awe and adoration, to the needful duties
Let us picture to ourselves some of the feelings with
which the Prophet left his Horeb grotto, for "the wilderness of Damascus."
We may find in them a reflection of what ours may possibly now be, in
returning to engage once more in the calls and cares of a busy world.
As Elijah journeyed back through the desert, one of his
feelings doubtless would be this--Deep sorrow on account of his past
faithlessness, and a salutary sense of his weakness for the time to come.
Every step of that backward journey must have recalled, with sorrow and
shame, the remembrance of his unworthy flight and unworthy unbelief. Every
weary league he retraversed--every rock, and bush, and arid wady--must have
read to him a bitter rebuke and reproach; yes, and reminded him, that,
"strong" as his name imported him to be, he was strong only in God.
Perhaps, in his fit of sullen, morbid despondency, he had no time before, to
ponder and realize the amount of his ingratitude and guilt. But now, after
all he had seen and experienced in the mount, with what different feelings
must he have bewailed the past--that cowardly retreat from the gates of
Israel--that rash, impassioned prayer under the desert juniper tree--the
vain, proud, self-righteous excuse, he had dared to utter in answer to God's
remonstrance. How must all these have come home to him, as he hastens back,
an altered man, to his God-appointed work.
Could he ever forget the tremendous sermon on sin,
preached in that great cathedral of nature--Sinai the pulpit--lightning
and whirlwind and thunder the ambassadors of Heaven? Could he think of his
heroic deeds and vows on Carmel, and the degenerate spirit he afterwards
evinced--and not hear the voice of impressive warning, "When you think
stand, take heed lest you fall?" Is this one of our feelings, in pursuing,
after some recent solemn experience or 'manifestation,' our pilgrimage
journey--a deep, heartfelt, realizing view of past guilt and unworthiness?
Perhaps our besetting sins may not be of the same type as
Elijah's--peevishness, fretfulness, discontent, pride, unworthy distrust of
God's ability and willingness to help. But be they what they may, do we set
out anew, like him, feeling their vileness, deeply humbled, softened,
saddened at the retrospect? Under the Divine teaching, have we seen sin, and
our own sin, as that dreadful thing which, before the still small
voice of mercy could be heard, required that the tremendous heralds of wrath
and vengeance should burst over the heads of a sinless Surety? And, farther,
as we hear God's voice now saying, "Go, return on your way to the
wilderness"--do we go, under a salutary consciousness of our own utter
weakness and inability, in our own strength, "to pay the vows which our lips
have uttered and our mouth has spoken when we were in trouble?"--Do we go,
uttering the fervent prayer, "Hold me up, and I shall be safe?"
Another feeling Elijah had, in leaving his cave, must
have been a lively sense and apprehension of God's great mercy.
What, in the retrospect of the recent wondrous manifestation, would more
especially linger in the Prophet's recollection? Not the wind, not the
earthquake, not the fire; but "the still small voice." He would abundantly
utter to himself the memory of God's great goodness. His heart would
overflow with gratitude when he thought (despite of his coward flight) of
Jehovah's varied ministry of kindness--the bread and the cruse of water of
the juniper tree--the angel sent specially to spread a table for him in the
wilderness; and, more than all, the Lord of angels--the very Being he had
offended and provoked--meeting him in the cave of his despondency--making
heaven and earth--the vastest agencies of nature--to bring before him a
magnificent series of sacred signs--ending the glorious display with love--yes!
love to his guilty soul--hushing and calming his storm tossed
spirit, with that "still small voice!"
Are our feelings, in this respect also, akin to those of
Elijah? If God has accorded to us some signal providential interposition,
delivering our souls from death, our eyes from tears, and our feet from
falling--or if He has given some special and peculiar manifestation of His
grace--spreading, it may be, for us also, as for his servant, some spiritual
feast--giving us manna from His own banqueting table--angels' food--the
bread of life; and, by means of these sacred symbols, in the still small
voice, sealing and ratifying to us, all the blessings and benefits of the
new covenant--may we not well "return on our way" with our hearts pervaded
and penetrated with a profound sense of His infinite mercy and
loving-kindness; our lips attuned, like those of the Tishbite, as we picture
him, once more, with girt loins and pilgrim staff speeding along the desert
sands--our lips attuned to the song, "What shall I render unto the Lord for
all his benefits towards me?"
We may suppose another feeling entertained by Elijah in
departing from his cave and returning through the wilderness, would be, a
fixed purpose and resolution of new and more devoted obedience.
Mourning an unworthy past--penetrated by a lively sense of Jehovah's
love--he would go onward and forward, resolved more than ever on a life of
grateful love and of active and unwavering service, until God saw fit to
take him up in His chariot of fire. He would go, not only mourning his
besetting sins, but seeking henceforth to watch against their occurrence.
And it is worthy of note, that, from this time
henceforward, we never again meet with the craven-hearted, petulant,
impetuous Prophet. We may hear indeed no more, (with perhaps one exception,)
of any great chivalrous doings--heroic contests, or Carmel feats of
superhuman strength, like the race before the chariot to Jezreel--but
neither do we read any more of hesitancy, despondency, cowardice. If the
torch of the Prophet of Fire has less of the brilliant blaze of former
ecstatic exploits, it burns, at least, with a purer, steadier luster. He may
have less henceforward of the meteor, but he shines with more of the steady
luster of the true constellation. From this date he seems to enter on the
calm, mellowed evening of life, following a troubled tempestuous day.
Reader, if in some similar momentous crisis of your
history, Elijah's God may be saying to you, as to him, "Go, return on your
way"--is it in your case also with purposes of new and earnest obedience?
Are you to leave your cave, whatever that may be, with the firm
determination, in a strength greater than your own, that, whatever others
do, as for you, you will serve the Lord? saying, "Other lords, in time past,
have had dominion over us, but this God shall be our God forever and ever?"
And, while you go, like him, with the resolve to be holier, humbler, more
meek, more gentle, more loving, more trusting--go also, like him, feeling,
that you have a great mission on hand--a life of solemn work and
duty--preparation for eternity!
God pointed out to Elijah special work to
perform--"Go, anoint Hazael--Go, anoint Jehu;" and he did his Lord's
bidding. He has work for each of us also, in our different spheres--work for
Him; work in our own hearts, work in our own families--work in the
Church, work in the world. "Go," says He; "return on your way;" not to sleep
under the juniper tree, but to active life--to glorify me in your daily
walk, and business, and station, and character. With this as our solemn
purpose and resolution, may it be said of us, as of Elijah--may God thus
write down in His Book of Remembrance--"So he departed thence."
Bereaved! we have specially spoken of your
experience, as being possibly similar to that of Elijah, in this eventful
moment of his history. We may revert, therefore, yet once more, to God's
monitory words addressed to him, as suggestive of thoughts more peculiarly
applicable to your case and circumstances. "Go, return on your way to the
wilderness." Yes! "the wilderness." This earth, to you, is a blighted
world; "a land of drought, a desert not inhabited." As Elijah passed the old
juniper tree, even the very angel's footsteps could not be traced--no
fragment was left of his shining robes--no echo of his voice. And as you
return too, to the old familiar haunts; this voice and that voice are
silent. Those who sat with you at your feasts in the wilderness, are
gone--nothing is left but the black patch of smouldering ashes, where the
banquet was once spread, and the mutual vow recorded. Gone! no, not 'gone.'
Many are like Elijah's angel--only away to do higher behests of love and
mercy in brighter worlds, and beckon you to follow after them! If you be
left behind a little longer to tread the wilderness--oh, let it be with you,
as with the prophet--let all God's dealings only quicken your footsteps to
the true land of promise; meanwhile seeking to do your duty in your earthly
sphere, with patience and faith, meekness and submission--until God prepares
your fiery chariot to descend and bear you up amid reunions that are to know
And if, perhaps, some youthful eyes may fall on
these pages, let such suffer a word of exhortation. You are unlike
Elijah, as he now stands before us at the mouth of his cave, girded for his
journey; unlike this stern, rough man, who had fought for years the Lord's
battles, amid famine and judgment--and who was now drawing near to the close
of his mission. The world is still all before you--its Cheriths, and Carmels,
and Zarephaths, and wilderness sojournings. And be thankful for this--that
you have yet time, and strength, and sphere, to serve God in your day and
generation. Be thankful that you have yet, unforfeited opportunities--that,
with God's grace, you have the grand opportunity, which others have missed,
of making that life and that mission a glorious one--not by great
Carmel-deeds of power and ostentation; but by faith, and love, and active
What would Elijah have given to live over again the past
irrevocable days? What would he have given to stand again at Jezreel's gate,
amid the rushing of the storm, when the tempter first came and assailed him,
and led him captive? You have that future before you--you have the unblotted
pages of life's book yet to write. It depends much on your resolutions
now, how they are to be written. To you, God does not say, as to
Elijah--"Go, return." It is, 'Go, set out--the journey is all
yet to be trodden.' Is it to be the faith and lowly submission of brook
Cherith? the bold, devoted, heroic testimony of Mount Carmel? or,
is it to be the sullen, peevish discontent, the unworthy inactivity of the
wilderness of Beersheba? Is it to be a life for God and for heaven;
or a life for earth and self?
Many an old care-worn, travel-worn Elijah envies
you--envies you this chance of a pure, godly, unselfish, elevated existence,
which can be theirs no more! In entering the great world, you must expect to
encounter its whirlwind, and earthquake, and fire. But let "the still small
voice" be ever heard, amid every hurricane of temptation. Go in the might of
the Prophet's God. Let your name be "ELIJAH!"--God's strength. "I write unto
you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abides in
you, and you have overcome the wicked one." With pilgrim staff and girded
loins, and "the still small voice" echoing in your ear, be it yours to say--"We
will go in the STRENGTH of the Lord God!"