The Fountain of Life
The Fountain of Life opened up: or, a display
of Christ in his essential and mediatorial glory
by John Flavel
The Nature and Quality of Christ's Death
"Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and
foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and
slain." Acts 2:23
Having considered, in order, the preparative acts for the
death of Christ, both on his own part, and on his enemies part, we now come
to consider the death of Christ itself, which was the principal part of his
humiliation, and is the chief pillar of our consolation. Here we shall in
First, The kind and nature of the death he died.
Secondly, The manner in which he bare it, namely,
patiently, solitarily, and instructively; dropping divers holy and
instructive lessons upon all that were about him, in his seven last words
upon the cross.
Thirdly, The funeral solemnities at his burials
Fourthly, and lastly, The weighty ends and great designs
of his death. In all which particulars, as we proceed to discuss and open
them, you will have an account of the deep debasement and humiliation of the
Son of God.
In this text, we have an account of the kind and nature
of that death which Christ died: as also of the causes of it, both principal
First, The kind and nature of the death Christ died,
which is here described more generally, as a violent death, You have slain
him: and more particularly, as a most ignominious, cursed, dishonorable
death; you have crucified him.
Secondly, The causes of it are here likewise expressed:
and that both principal and instrumental. The principal cause, permitting,
ordering, and disposing all things about it, was the determinate counsel and
fore-knowledge of God. There was not an action or circumstance but came
under this most wise and holy counsel and determination of God.
The instruments effecting it were their wicked hands.
This fore-knowledge and counsel of God, as it did no way necessitate or
enforce them to it; so neither does it excuse their fact from the least
aggravation of its sinfulness. It did no more compel or force their wicked
hands to do what they did, than the mariner's hoisting up his sails, to take
the wind to serve his design, compels the wind. And it cannot excuse their
action from one circumstance of sin; because God's end and manner of acting
was one thing, their end and manner of acting another. His, most pure and
holy; theirs, most malicious and daringly wicked. Idem quod duo faciunt, non
est idem. To this purpose a grave divine well expresses it.
In respect of God, Christ's death was justice and mercy.
In respect of man, it was murder and cruelty. In respect of himself, it was
obedience and humility. Hence our note is,
DOCTRINE. That our Lord Jesus
Christ was not only put to death, but to the worst of deaths, even the death
of the cross.
To this the apostle gives a plain testimony, Phil. 2:8.
"He became obedient to death, even the death of the cross;" where his
humiliation is both specified; he was humbled to death; and aggravated by a
most emphatical reduplication, even the death of the cross. So Acts 5:30.
"Jesus whom you slew and hanged on a tree;" q.d. it did not suffice you to
put him to a violent death, but you also put him to the most base, vile and
ignominious death; "you hanged him on a tree."
On this point we will discuss these three particulars,
namely, The nature or kind, the manner and reasons of Christ's death upon
1. I shall open the kind or nature of his death, by
showing you that it was a violent, painful, shameful, cursed, slow, and
First, It was a violent death that Christ died. Violent
in itself, though voluntary on his part. "He was cut off out of the land of
the living," Is 53:8. And yet "he laid down his life of himself; no man took
it from him," John 10:17. I call his death violent, because he died not a
natural death, that is he lived not until nature was consumed with age, as
it is in many who live until their, balsamum radicale, "radical moisture,"
like the oil in the lamp, be quite consumed, and then go out like an
expiring lamp. It was not so with Christ: for he was but in the flower and
prime of his time when he died. And indeed, he must either die a violent
death, or not die at all; partly, because there was no sin in him, to open a
door to natural death; as it does in all others. Partly, because else his
death had not been a sacrifice acceptable and satisfactory to God for us.
That which died of itself was never offered up to God; but that which was
slain, when it was in its full strength and health. The temple was a type of
the body of Christ, John 2:19. Now, when the temple was destroyed, it did
not drop down as an ancient structure decayed by time, but was pulled down
by violence, when it was standing in its full strength. Therefore he is said
to suffer death, and to be put to death for us in the flesh, 1 Pet. 3:18.
That is the first thing. It was a violent, though a voluntary death. For
violent is not opposed to voluntary, but to natural.
Secondly, The death of the cross was a most painful
death. In deed in this death were many deaths, contrived in one. The cross
was a rack as well as a gibbet. The pains which Christ suffered upon the
cross, are by the apostle emphatically stiled "tas odinas tou tanatou", Acts
2:24. "The pains of death:" but properly they signify the pangs of travail:
yes, the birth-pangs, the most acute sorrows of a travailing woman. His soul
was in travail, Isa. 53, his body in bitter pangs; and being as Aquinas
speaks, optime complectionatus, of the most excellent crests, exact and just
temperament; his senses were more acute and delicate than ordinate; and all
the time of his suffering, so they continued; not in the least blunted,
dulled, or rebated, by the pains he suffered.
"The death of Christ, doubtless, contained the greatest
and acutest pains imaginable: because these pains of Christ alone, were
intended to equalise all that misery which the sin of men deserved," all
that pain which the damned shall, and the elect deserve to feel. Now, to
have pains meeting at once upon one person, equivalent to all the pains of
the damned; judge you what a plight Christ was in.
Thirdly, The death of the cross was a shameful death: not
only because the crucified were stripped quite naked, and so exposed as
spectacles of shame, but mainly, because it was a kind of death which was
appointed for the basest, and vilest of men.
The free-men when they committed capital crimes, were not
condemned to the cross. No, that was looked upon as the death appointed for
slaves. Tacitus calls it servile supplicium, the punishment of a slave: and
to the same sense Juvenal speaks, pone crucem servo, put the cross upon the
back of a slave. As they had a great esteem of a free man, so they
manifested it, even when they had forfeited their lives, in cutting them off
by more honorable kinds of death. This, by hanging on the tree, was always
accounted most ignominious. To this day we say of him that is hanged, He
dies the death of a dog: and yet it is said of our Lord Jesus, Heb. 12:2. He
not only endured the cross, but also despised the shame. Obedience to his
Father's will, and zeal for our salvation, made him digest the shame of it,
and despise the baseness that was in it.
Fourthly, The death of the cross was a cursed death. Upon
that account he is said to be "made 'katara', a curse for us; For it is
written, Cursed is everyone that hangs on a tree," Gal. 3:13. "His body
shall not remain all night upon the tree, but you shall in any wise bury him
that day; for he that is hanged is accursed of God." The very symbol of
lifting them up between heaven and earth carried much shame in it. For it
implies this in it, that the person so used, was so execrable, base, and
vile, that he deserved not to tread upon the earth or touch the surface of
the ground any more. And the command for burying them that day, does not at
all mitigate, but rather aggravates this curse: speaking the person to be so
abominable, that as he is lifted up into the air, and hanging between heaven
and earth, as unworthy ever to set foot more upon the earth; so when dead,
they were to hasten to bury him, that such an abominable sight might be
removed as soon as might be, from before the eyes of men; and that the earth
might not be defiled, by his lying on the surface of it, when taken down.
However, as the learned Junius has judiciously observed,
this curse is only a ceremonial curse; for otherwise it is neither in it
self, nor by the law of nature, or by civil law, more execrable than any
other death. And the main reason why the ceremonial law attached the curse
to this, rather than to any other death, was principally with respect to the
death Christ was to die. And therefore, reader, see and admire the
providence of God, that Christ should die by a Roman, and not by a Judaic
law. For crucifying, or hanging on a tree, was a Roman punishment, and not
in use among the Jews. But the scriptures cannot be broken.
Fifthly, The death of the cross was a very slow and
lingering death. They died leisurely. Which still increaseth and aggravateth
the misery of it. If a man must die a violent death, it is a favor to be
dispatched: as they that are pressed to death, beg for more weight. And it
is a favor to those that are hanged, to be smitten on the bosom, or plucked
by the heels by their friends. On the contrary, to hang long in the midst of
tortures, to have death coming upon us with a slow pace, that we may feel
every tread of it, as it comes on, is a misery.
The tyrant that heard the poor martyr was dead under his
first torments, said, as one disappointed, Evasit, "He has escaped me." For
he intended to have kept him much longer under torments. And it was the
cruel counsel of another to his executioner; "Let him die so as he may feel
himself how he dies." And surely in this respect it was worse for Christ,
than any other that ever was nailed to the tree. For all the while he hanged
there, he remained full of life and acute sense. His life departed not
gradually, but was whole in him to the last. Other men die gradually, and,
towards their end, their sense of pain is much blunted. They falter, and
expire by degrees, but Christ stood under the pains of death in his full
strength. His life was whole in him. This was evident by the mighty out-cry
he made when he gave up the Spirit, which argued him to be full of strength,
contrary to the experience of all other men. Which made the centurion when
he heard it, to conclude, "Surely this was the Son of God," Mark 15:37, 39.
Sixthly, It was a succourless and helpless death to
Christ. Sometimes they gave to malefactors amidst their torments, vinegar
and myrrh, to blunt, dull, and stupefy their senses. And if they hanged
long, would break their bones to dispatch them out of their pains. Christ
had none of this favor. Instead of vinegar and myrrh, they gave him vinegar
and gall to drink, to aggravate his torments. And for the breaking of his
bones he prevented it, by dying before they came to break his legs. For the
scriptures must be fulfilled, which say, Not a bone of him shall be broken.
This now was the kind and nature of that death he died.
Even the violent, painful, shameful, cursed, slow, and succourless death of
the cross. An ancient punishment both among the Romans and Carthaginians.
But in honor of Christ, who died this death, Constantine the Great abrogated
it by law, ordaining that none should ever be crucified any more, because
Christ died that death.
Secondly, As to the manner of the execution. They that
were condemned to the death of the cross, (says a learned Antiquary of our
own) bare their cross upon their own shoulders, to the place of execution.
They were stripped of all their clothes, for they suffered naked. And then
were fastened to the cross with nails.
The manner how that was done, one gives us in these
swords, They stretched him out (meaning Christ) like another Isaac upon his
own burden, the cross; that so they might take measure of the holes. And
though the print of his blood upon it, gave them the true length of his
body; yet how strictly do they take it longer than the truth. Thereby at
once to crucify and rack him. Then being nailed, like as Moses lifted up the
serpent, so was the Son of man lifted up. And when the cross, with the Lord
fastened on it, fell into its socket, or basis, it jerked the whole, and
every part of his sacred body. And the whole weight hanging upon his nailed
hands, the wounds by degrees grew wider and wider: until at last he expired
in the midst of those tortures.
And that the equity of their proceedings might the better
appear to the people, the cause of the punishment was written in capital
letters, and fixed to the tree over the head of the malefactor. Of this
appendant to this kind of death, I shall speak distinctly in the next
sermon, before I come to handle the manner of his death: there being so much
of providence in that circumstance, as invites us to spend more than a few
transient thoughts upon it. Meanwhile, in the next place,
Thirdly, We will enquire briefly into the reasons why
Christ died this, rather than any other kind of death. And among others,
these three are obvious.
First, Because Christ must bear the curse in his death,
and a curse by law was affixed to no other kind of death, as it was to this.
The learned Masius upon Joshua 2:29. commenting upon the
death of king Ai, who was hanged upon the tree, until the evening, tells us,
"That the principal reason of the malediction and execrableness of his death
was, because the death of Christ was prefigured in that mystery." Christ
came to take away the curse from us by this death; and so must be made a
curse. On him must all the curses of the moral law lie, which were due to
us. And that nothing might be wanting to make it a full curse, the very
death he died, must also have a ceremonial curse upon it.
Secondly, Christ died this, rather than any other kind of
death; to fulfill the types, and prefiguration that of old were made with
respect to it. All the sacrifices were lifted up from the earth, upon the
altar. But especially the brazen serpent prefigured this death, Numb. 19:9.
Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole. And, says Christ,
John 3:14. "As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the
Son of man be lifted up," that so he might correspond with that lively type,
made of him in the wilderness.
Thirdly, Christ died this, rather than any other death,
because it was predicted of him, and in him must all the predictions, as
well as types, be fully accomplished. The psalmist spoke in the person of
Christ, of this death, as plainly as if he had rather been writing the
history of what was done, than a prophecy of what was to be done, so many
years afterwards, Psalm. 22:16, 17. "For dogs have compassed me about, the
assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and feet; I
may tell all my bones; they look and stare upon me." Which has a manifest
reference to the distension of all his members upon the tree, which was a
rack to him. So Zech. 12:10. "They shall look upon me, whom they have
pierced." Yes, Christ himself had foretold the death he should die, in the
forecited, John 3:14. saying, "He must be lifted up," that is hanged between
heaven and earth. And the scriptures must be fulfilled.
Thus you have a brief account both of the kind, manner,
and reasons of this death of Christ. The improvement of it, you have in the
following inferences of truth, deducible from it.
INFERENCE 1. Is Christ dead? and did he die the violent,
painful, shameful, cursed, slow, and succourless death of the cross? Then
surely there is forgiveness with God, an plenteous redemption for the
greatest of sinners, that by faith apply the blood of the cross to their
poor guilty souls. So speaks the apostle, Col. 1:14. "In whom we have
redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins." And 1 John 1:7.
"The blood of Christ CLEANSES us from all sin." Two things will make this
First, That there is a sufficient efficacy in this blood
of the cross, to expiate the greatest sins.
Secondly, That the efficacy of it is designed and
intended by God for believing sinners. How clearly do both these
propositions lie in the word?
First, That there is sufficient efficacy in the blood of
the cross, to expiate and wash away the greatest sins. This is manifest, for
it is precious blood, as it is called, 1 Pet. 1:18. "You were not redeemed
with corruptible things, as silver and gold; but with the precious blood of
the Son of God." This preciousness of the blood of Christ rises from the
union it has with that person, who is over all, God blessed forever. And on
that account is stiled the blood of God, Acts 20:28: and so it becomes
royal, princely blood: Yes, such for the dignity, and efficacy of it, as
never was created, or shall ever run in any other veins but his. The blood
of all the creatures in the world, even a sea of human blood bears no more
proportion to the precious. and excellent blood of Christ, than a dish of
common water, to a river of liquid gold. On the account of its invaluable
preciousness, it becomes satisfying and reconciling blood to God. So the
apostle speaks, Col. 1:20. "And (having made peace through the blood of his
cross) by him to reconcile all things to himself; by him, I say, whether
they be things in earth, or things in heaven." The same blood which is
redemption to them that dwell on earth, is confirmation to them that dwell
in heaven. Before the efficacy of this blood, guilt vanishes, and shrinks
away as the shadow before the glorious sun. Every drop of it has a voice,
and speaks to the soul that sits trembling under its guilt better things
than the blood of Abel, Heb. 10:24. It sprinkles us from all evil, that is
an unquiet and accusing conscience, Heb. 10:22. For having enough in it to
satisfy God, it must needs have enough in it to satisfy conscience.
Conscience can demand no more for its satisfaction, nor
will it take less than God demands for his satisfaction. And in this blood
is enough to give both satisfaction.
Secondly, As there is sufficient efficacy in this blood
to expiate the greatest guilt; so it is as manifest, that the virtue and
efficacy of it, is intended and designed by God for the use of believing
sinners. Such blood as this washed, without doubt, for some weighty end,
that some might be the better for it. Who they are for whom it is intended,
is plain enough from Acts 13:39. "And by him all that believe, are justified
from all things, from which they could not be justified by the law of
That the remission of the sins of believers was the great
thing designed in the pouring out of this precious blood of Christ, appears
from all the sacrifices that figured it to the ancient church. The shedding
of that typical blood, spoke a design of pardon. And the putting of their
hands upon the head of the sacrifice, spoke the way and method of believing,
by which that blood was then applied to them in that way; and is still
applied to us in a more excellent way. Had no pardon been intended, no
sacrifices had been appointed.
Moreover, let it be considered, this blood of the cross
is the blood of a surety; that came under the same obligations with us, and
in our name or stead shed it: and so of course frees and discharges the
principal offender, or debtor, Heb. 7:22. Can God exact satisfaction from
the blood and death of his own Son, the surety of believers, and yet still
demand it from believers? It cannot be. "Who (says the apostle) shall lay
anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifies. Who shall
condemn? It is Christ that died," Rom. 8:33, 34. And why are faith and
repentance prescribed as the means of pardon? Why does God everywhere in his
word, call upon sinners to repent, and believe in this blood? encouraging
them so to do, by so many precious promises of remission; and declaring the
inevitable and eternal ruin, of all impenitent, and unbelieving ones, who
despise and reject this blood? What, I say, does all this speak, but the
possibility of a pardon for the greatest of sinners; and the certainty of a
free, full, and final pardon for all believing sinners? O what a joyful
sound is this! What ravishing voices of peace, pardon, grace, and
acceptance, come to our ears from the blood of the cross?
The greatest guilt that ever was contracted upon a
trembling, shaking conscience, can stand before the efficacy of the blood of
Christ no more, than the sinner himself can stand before the justice of the
Lord, with all that guilt upon him.
Reader, the word assures you, whatever you have been, or
are, that sins of as deep a dye as your, have been washed away in this
blood. "I was a blasphemer, a persecutor, injurious; but I obtained mercy,"
says Paul, 1 Tim. 1:13. But it may be you will object; this was a rare and
singular instance, as it is a great question whether any other sinner shall
find the like grace that he did. No question of it at all, if you believe in
Christ as he did; for he tells us, ver. 16. "For this cause I obtained mercy
that in me first, Jesus Christ might show forth all long suffering, for a
pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting."
So that upon the same grounds he obtained mercy, you may obtain it also.
Those very men who had a hand in the shedding of Christ's
blood, had the benefit of that blood afterwards pardoning them, Acts 2:36.
There is nothing but unbelief and impenitence of heart can bar your soul
from the blessings of this blood.
INFERENCE. 2. Did Christ die the cursed death of the
cross for believers, then though there be much of pain, there is nothing of
curse in the death of the saints. It still wears its dart, by which it
strikes; but has lost its sting, by which it hurts and destroys. A serpent
that has no sting, may hiss and affright, but we may take him in our hand,
without danger. Death poured out all its poison, and lost its sting in
Christ's side, when he became a curse for us.
But what speak I of the innocence and harmlessness of
death to believers? It is certainly their friend and great benefactor. As
there is no curse, so there are many blessings in it. "Death is yours," 1
Cor. 3:22. Yours as a special privilege and favor. Christ has not only
conquered it, but is more than a conqueror; for he has made it beneficial,
and very serviceable to the saints. When Christ was nailed to the tree, then
he said as it were to death, which came to grapple with him there, "Death, I
will be your plague; O grave, I will be your destruction:" and so he was;
for he swallowed up death in victory, spoiled it of its power. So that,
though it may now affright some weak believers, yet cannot hurt them at all.
INFERENCE. 3. If Christ died the cursed death of the
cross for us, how cheerfully should we submit to, and bear any cross for
Jesus Christ? He had his cross, and we have ours; but what feathers are ours
compared with his? His cross was a heavy cross indeed, yet how patiently and
meekly did he support it! "he endured his cross," we cannot endure or bear
ours, though they be not to be named with his. Three things would
marvelously strengthen us to bear the cross of Christ, and bring up a good
report upon it in the world.
First, That we shall carry it but a little way. Secondly,
Christ bears the heaviest end of it. Thirdly, Innumerable blessings and
mercies grow upon the cross of Christ.
First, We shall bear it but a little way. It should be
enough to me (says a holy one) that Christ will have joy and sorrow halfers
of the life of the saints. And that each of them should have a share of our
days, as the night and day are kindly partners of time, and take it up
between them. But if sorrow be the greediest halfer of our days here, I know
joy's day shall dawn, and do more than recompense all our sad hours.
Let my Lord Jesus, (since he will do so) weave my
bit-and-span length of time with white and black; well and woe. - Let the
rose be neighbor with the thorn. - "When we are over the water, Christ shall
cry, down crosses, and up heaven for evermore; down hell, and down death,
and down sin, and down sorrow; and up glory, up life, up joy for evermore.
It is true, Christ and his cross are not separable in this life; howbeit
Christ and his cross part at heaven's door: for there is no house room for
crosses in heaven. One tear, one sigh, one sad heart, one fear, one loss,
one thought of trouble cannot find lodging there." - Sorrow and the saints
are not married together! or suppose it was so, heaven shall make a divorce.
Life is but short, and therefore crosses cannot be long. Our sufferings are
but for a while, 1 Pet. 5:10. They are but the sufferings of the present
time, Rom. 8:18.
Secondly, As we shall carry the cross of Christ but a
little way, so Christ himself bears the heaviest end of it. And as one
happily expresses, he says of their crosses, half mine. He divideth
sufferings with them, and takes the largest share to himself. "O how sweet a
sight (says one sweetly) is it to see a cross between Christ and us. To hear
our Redeemer say, at every sigh, at every blow, and eatery loss of a
believer, half mine. For they are called the sufferings of Christ, and the
reproach of Christ, Col. 2:24. Heb. 11:26. As when two are partners or
owners of a ship, half of the gain, and half of the loss, belongs to either
of the two. So Christ in our sufferings, is half gainer, and half loser,
with us: yes, the heaviest end of the black tree lies on your Lord. It falls
first upon him, and but rebounds from him upon you:" "The reproaches of them
that reproached you, are fallen upon me," Psalm. 69:9. Nay, so speak as the
thing is, Christ does not only bear half, or the better part, but the whole
of our cross and burden. Yes, he bears all, and more than all; for he bears
us and our burden too, or else we would quickly sink, and faint under it.
Thirdly, As we have not far to carry it, and Christ
carries the heaviest part; yes, all the burden for us; yes, us and our
burden too; so, in the last place, it is reviving to think what an
innumerable multitude of blessings and mercies are the fruit and offspring
of a sanctified cross. Since that tree was so richly watered with the blood
of Christ; what store of choice, and rich fruits does it bear to believers?
Our sufferings (says one) are washed in the blood of
Christ, as well as our souls. "For Christ's merits bought a blessing to the
crosses of the sons of God. Our troubles owe us a free passage through him.
Devils, and men, and crosses, are our debtors; and death, and all storms are
our debtors, to blow our poor tossed bark over the water freight free: and
to set the travelers in their own known ground. Therefore we shall die, and
yet live. - I know no man has a velvet cross, but the cross is made of what
God will have it; but verily, howbeit, it be no warrentable market to buy a
cross, yet I dare not say, O that I had liberty to sell Christ's cross, lest
therewith also I should sell joy, comfort, sense of love, patience, and the
kind visits of a bridegroom. I have but small experience of sufferings for
Christ, but let my Judge and witness in heaven, lay my soul in the balance
of justice; if I find not a young heaven, and a little paradise of glorious
comforts, and soul-delighting love-kisses of Christ in suffering for him and
his truth. - My prison is my palace, my sorrow is with child of joy; my
losses are rich losses, my pain easy pain, my heavy days are holy days and
happy days. I may tell a new tale of Christ to my friends. O what owe I to
the file, and to the hammer, and to the furnace of my Lord Jesus! who has
now let me see how good the wheat of Christ is, that goes through his mill,
and his oven, to be made bread for his own table. Grace tried is better than
grace, and more than grace. It is glory in its infancy."
"Who knows the truth of grace without a trial. - O how
little gets Christ of us, but what he wins (to speak so) with much toil and
pains? And how soon would faith freeze without a cross? Bear your cross
therefore with joy."
INFERENCE. 4. Did Christ die the death, yes, the worst of
deaths for us? Then it follows, that our mercies are brought forth with
great difficulty; and that which is sweet to us in the fruition, was costly,
and hard to Christ in the acquisition. Surely, upon every mercy we have this
motto written, The price of Blood, Col. 1:14. "In whom we have redemption
through his blood:" Upon which a late neat writer delivers himself thus.
"The way of grace is here considerable; life comes through death; God comes
in Christ; and Christ comes in blood: the choicest mercies come through the
greatest miseries; prime favors come swimming in blood to us. Through a red
sea Israel came to Canaan. Many a man lost his life, and much blood shed;
the very land flowing with milk and honey was first made to flow with blood,
before Israel could inherit the promise. Seven nations were destroyed,
before the land of Canaan was divided to the Israelites, Acts 13:19. - "Sin
makes mercy so deadly hard to bring forth. To christen every precious child,
every Benjamin Benoni, every son of God's right-hand, a son of sorrow and
death to her that brings him forth. Adam's sweets had no bitter until he
transgressed God's will: one mercy did not die to bring forth another, until
he died. But oh! how should this raise the value of our mercies? What, the
price of blood, the price of precious blood, the blood of the cross! O what
an esteem should this raise!"
"Things (as the same ingenious author adds) are prized
rather as they come, than as they are. Far fetched and dear bought makes all
the price, and gives all the worth with us weak creatures. Upon this ground
the scripture, when it speaks of our great fortune, tells the great price it
cost, as eyeing our weakness, who look more at what things cost, than at
what they are. And as knowing if anything will take with us, this will, To
him that loved us and washed us from sins in his own blood," Rev. 1:5.
"Man is a legal creature, and looks much at what is given
for a thing. What did this cost? Why, it cost Christ's own blood. Color is
more than the cloth with us, and scarlet color is a general taking color
with us: and therefore is Christ's garment dipped in blood, and he admired
in this habit. Who is this that comes from Edom, with garments dyed red from
Beware then you abuse not any of the mercies that Christ
brought forth with so many bitter pangs and throes. And let all this endear
Christ more than ever to you, and make you in a deep sense of his grace and
love, to say, Thanks be to God for Jesus Christ!